Pai-chang Huai-hai (Hyakujo Ekai) 749-814

Student of Ma-tsu and teacher of Huang-po (Obaku) and Kuei-shan. Pai-chang is the subect of the second koan in the mumonkan (Hyakujo's Fox) Hyakujo's fox is considered to be one of the most complex of the koans containing several hua-tou (wato).

Pai-chang was the founder of the Ch'an monastic tradition and established the rules for Ch'an monastic life and daily routines such as work practice, dining, zazen, etc. He was known to say, "A day without work is a day without food." He stressed the importance of combining Zazen with Daily Work Practice. He also stressed the importance of sutra study

Pai chang also wrote the Tun-wu ju-tao yao-men-lung* which is a text on "sudden enlightenment."

*The Zen Teaching of Hua Hai on Sudden Illumination (London 1962--J. Blofeld


ex. 26 Pi-yen-lu

A monk asked Pai-chang, "What is there that is extraordinary?" Pai-chang answered, "Sitting alone on [mount] Ta Hsi-ung." The monk bowed respectfully and Pai-chang struck him.

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